Understanding the different types of bass fishing lures is of paramount importance for the bass angler. Bass fishing lures are the most difficult variable to figure out, but are the one thing the bass angler can change on the fly. The different types of bass fishing lures are pretty much the same as they have always been. The baits used to lure these fish into striking are always changing. In recent years, bass anglers have seen many new additions to bass fishing lures. These additions include rats, mice and even ducklings. The serious bass angler should have some variations of each type of bait listed here. This will improve your chances of catching fish on a regular basis. There are two broad categories in Bass baits, soft baits and hard baits. This page will break down the different bass fishing lures.
Soft Bait Bass Fishing Lures
A soft bait bass fishing lure is anything made of plastic. These include plastic worms, tubes, and even trailers. You can use this lure in many different ways which makes it the most versatile lure available. You can find these types of bass fishing lures in every bait store across the United States.
Plastic worms are the first bass fishing lure you should try. These lures should be in every bass angler’s tackle box. For the beginner, start with black and a lighter color. Those two colors can be used in various situations. These lures are lightweight. You can purchase a decent rod and reel combo for a relatively small amount of money.
There are many benefits to these baits. Every bass fishing store sells these baits, which makes it readily available to every bass fisherman. If you are just beginning bass fishing, pick a black and a green. You use the black at dawn or dusk, because of the low light and switch to the green color during the day. You can use these bass fishing lures in every type of water. It doesn’t matter if the body of water is dirty or clear. You will catch fish with these lures.
A seasoned bass angler considers these lures, finesse baits. The technique for fishing them is extremely easy. Throw it out there Texas rigged to start off. Let the lure sink to the bottom. Lift the rod tip. This will brink the bait to the top of the water. Let it sink again. Reel in the slack. Super simple!
One of the other benefits is that you can use any spinning reel. Pair with a medium action rod and light fishing line. You can purchase that exact setup for extremely cheap. Beginner bass fisherman start with this type of combo, because it doesn’t cost a lot of money. Young children tend to really enjoy this type of fishing also. You can’t go wrong in the beginning with this setup.
These soft bait bass fishing lures are hollow bodied. They are rounded at one end and with tentacles at the other. The hollow body allows for this lure to be injected with liquid fishing scents. These liquids can aid in the attraction of bass.
Size of Bait
The sizes of these tubes range from 3 to 6 inches. If you are going for that trophy bass, you can even pick up tubes at 8 inches. If you are targeting the feisty small mouth bass then a 3 to 5 inch tube rigged onto a tube jig dragged along the bottom will work great. These soft baits are very versatile. When allowed to fall on slack line, they mimic an injured bait fish. Large mouth bass anglers usually use tubes Texas rigged for flipping and pitching into heavy cover.
The blade attached to this bass fishing lure spins during the retrieve, hence the name, Spinnerbait. This blade spins during the retrieve causing not only vibrations in the water, but also flashes of light. Those two signals attract bass.
Types of Spinner baits
There are many different types of spinnerbaits. Most every bass lure manufacturer has a variation. Power fishermen use his type of lure. The reason is because you cast it out there. and reel it back in quickly. Most kids enjoy it also. You can vary your retrieve speed to get it into different levels of the water column.
Types of Blades
There are also many different types of spinnerbait blades each offering a slightly different presentation. If you are interested in tips and techniques, check out our Spinnerbait bass lure section.
Buzzbait bass fishing lures are some of the most exciting fishing lures on the planet . They are similar to spinnerbaits in design. The blades are different. The noise created during the retrieve by these bass lures attract high quality bass on a constant basis.
Types of Buzz Baits
Most of these bass fishing lures come with painted or colored blades so there isn’t as much flash. The blades do still create vibrations in the water. They target the bass’ lateral line and create sound that get a bass’ attention.
If Bass anglers break out these bass fishing lures around grass beds and lily pads. Anglers cover lots of water with these baits. This can aid in locating fish. These bass lures are fished fast paced which can lead to some exciting top water strikes. Like all bass lures there are many variations and colors to choose from. Pick one dark and one light color starting out. Our Buzz bait section contains more on the types of buzzbaits and precise techniques.
Topwater bass fishing lures can bring more excitement than any other bass lure when the conditions and season is right. There really is no other thing like it in bass fishing. The excitement you will feel when that bass breaks the surface of the water to take your topwater lure is something to behold. Lures in this category include frogs, mice, rats, and ducks. Any lure that the angler will pop , or walk across the surface can be considered a top water lure. These bass lures are usually used near grass beds and around lily pads so that is why most applications occur in the spring or summer months, because bass are seeking the oxygen and shade these areas provide.
These bass fishing lures are in between category baits. The head is hard and the trailer if attached is soft. They are used primarily in flipping and pitching.
This bait consists of a lead sinker with a molded heavy wire hook covered with a soft plastic skirt. Hard plastic bristles rest against the heavy wire hook, because these lures have a tendency to get hung on all types of cover. When you are searching for this type of bait there are a few key things to look for which we will cover in a later post. Jigs are used primarily to fish vertical and are one of the most popular baits on the market.
Read any book on bass fishing strategy and you will hear a lot about the jig, the reason is that the jig catches big bass and can be used in most bodies of water from fresh to salt. If you are interested in more information, check out our Jig Bass Lure section.
Hard Bait Bass Fishing Lures
Swimbaits have really burst on the scene mainstream in past few years and are known for be the best bass lures for catching trophy bass. Bass fishing with these types of baits aren’t for the faint of heart because they don’t lead to putting a lot of bass in the boat but when you get a bite it is usually from a monster bass. When you choose this bait you need to be in it for the long haul, all day grinding it out because you never know when that big bite will come. When you hear that local bass fisherman talking about swimbaits they are usually talking about baits between 6 to 12 inches long even though there are smaller versions on the market.
The bass angler jerks the rod tip while retrieving the bass fishing lures, thus the name jerk baits. When using these types of bass baits you jerk the rod tip while retrieving causing the bait to make erratic movements in the water. These baits also usually have a small plastic lip causing them to dive a bit during the jerking action. This bait mimics the dying movements of bait fish which is easy prey for the bass.
These elongated baits come in a variety of colors and diving depths. Any place that sells baits will have many options to choose from. The best way to choose is to understand the type of bait fish in the body of water you choose to fish and get something that resembles that particular bait fish.
Jerkbaits are one of the few bass lures that are highly effective year round. The main reason is because of how much control an angler has over the action of the bait. They can be fished extremely fast or slow, deep or shallow, or anywhere in between. Jerkbaits also come in wide variety of different styles to choose from, so you can really zero in on the action you want to put out and the areas you’re looking to target. When the water temperature starts dropping, the good angler reaches into his or her tackle box for these baits. The drop in temperature causes bass to become lethargic, therefore this jerking action results in reaction strikes.
The jerking action sometimes results in a reaction strike causing a sluggish bass to strike just off of the action of the bait. During a regular retrieve, the bait will zig zag side to side, but it’s truly the jerking of the rod tip that works best with this bait.
Crankbaits come in almost as many varieties as soft baits or worms. There is a different one for every type of situation the bass angler will encounter. The angler considers many variables when choosing the correct crank bait. These variations include the shape of the lip, rattle or no rattle, wide or narrow wobble, float or no float, suspending, sinking, and most important of all diving depth.
The steep learning curve of these bass fishing lures keeps most anglers from attempting to master these lures. You don’t need every color and size. Consider the season and water temperature first, then you choose a diving depth based off of those variables. You can cover lots of water quickly. It will aid in finding where the bass are. Another great characteristic is that you throw it out there as far as you can and just reel it in with a steady retrieve.
The advanced technique includes running it into a log or stump causing a change of direction. The high cost of these bass fishing lures scares most bass anglers into not even attempting it.
The bass angler has many options in bass fishing lures. You only need a couple of variations from each type of lure. The variations will depend on water clarity and type of water, as a result research as much as you can before making your purchase. You don’t need to buy them all in one visit. You will acquire them over time. Before long, you will have a tackle box full of useful lures.